At 11pm this evening the mid-season 2011 January transfer window shuts, but no doubt in the hours leading up to 11pm the rumours, conjecture and eventually the number of transfer deals, will be at an optimum as clubs try to get medicals and personal terms agreed with both players and their representatives, to sign that all important new player to ultimately help bring the club success.

As it stands at this moment in time, it looks like Chiron Sports won’t be doing much if any business in this particular transfer window. This is primarily because none of our clients are currently looking to move, and also, none of their subsequent employers want to move them on (we don’t try to unsettle and motivate an unnecessary and/or unwanted transfer) …… however this could change very quickly as one phone call could result in us moving to a state of ‘transfer red alert’.

You may well be asking who gets paid from a football transfer. Every transfer can be very different as to who gets paid and how much, and unbeknown to many, there may be far more parties involved when it comes to the successful transfer of a professional player.

Whether the transfer be that of a valuable high profile footballing superstar, or a comparatively lower profile transfer, there will more than likely be more than one financial beneficiary from the transfer. The media reports very thoroughly as to the figures involved in regards to the main transfer fee, and at times there are also reports as to the ‘deal’ involved. But does this paint a ‘true picture’ as to who benefits, whether it be a permanent transfer, a loan deal, or even a pre-contract agreement.

The main transfer fee will of course be between the buying club and the selling club, however there may be subsequent recipients from part of this fee, even expenses in facilitating any such transfer.

In the case of a younger footballer, some of the transfer fee may be due to the player’s previous clubs. This could be based on factors such as sell-on fees (in previous sales and contracts), compensation payments and solidarity payments due in regards to the player’s development at those clubs. However, there is a growing trend that most transfers now have a ‘sell-on’ clause attached in terms of future transfers, and as such even quite a senior player’s transfer may generate an income for his past club(s).

“How much does the agent get” is the question many people ask, and this depends again on a variety of factors including the terms the agent has with their client(s), in terms of not just the ‘player representation’ agreement but also the ‘commercial representation’ agreement.

Firstly there may not be just one agent involved in the transfer, as there may be multiple agents representing either the player and/or the club involved. It is not unheard of for a player to have multiple agents/representatives and even if an agent is not involved either directly or indirectly in the transfer of the player, they may still be due commissions in regards to the transfer.

In some cases the club chooses to employ it’s own agent to represent them in regards to the transfer, and as such the agent in question is allowed to receive a pre-agreed fee/sum. Then we have the players agent, who dependent on their contract with the player will not only be due an on-going commission as part of the players contract of employment (wages and guaranteed income), but may also be due a commission on the signing on fee the player would receive for their transfer to the new club. The agent CANNOT have any vested interest, ownership or receive payment in direct correlation to the transfer fee whether past, present or future, as this would be judged as related to third party ownership (please note the transfer fee between clubs SHOULD be unrelated to the players package).

Current regulations do allow for dual-representation, where under certain circumstances the same agent/representative may be permitted to represent both the player and the club in the same transfer – some may argue that this is a conflict of interest, some may not, but importantly the player ultimately has control over such circumstances.

There have been reported cases where third party ownership has been purported to be influential in football player transfers, and as such a third party ‘representative/agent’ has been financially rewarded as part of the transfer, with a payment related to or in direct correlation to, the transfer fee. However, this is different between various national associations and the governing law of the province/country involved – fortunately in the UK, third part ownership of players and their playing rights are illegal, and subsequently commissions in direct relation to the transfer fee are also illegal (with the exception of fees due legally to previous clubs).

So in summary, who MAY potetnially be rewarded as part of a football player transfer in this transfer window :

  • Selling Club (transfer fee)
  • Player (signing on fee)
  • Previous Clubs (solidarity payments, compensation payments, sell-on fee)
  • Selling Club’s Agent or Agents
  • Buying Club’s Agent or Agents
  • Player’s Agent or Agents
  • ILLEGALLY a third party owner
  • Third party service providers – legally assisting in the transfer (NOT as part of the transfer deal)
    e.g. medical, legal, transport – paid by agent, player, clubs